Abstract art is a style of visual art that does not attempt to represent an accurate depiction of visual reality. Instead, it emphasizes the use of shapes, colors, forms, and gestural marks to achieve its expressive and aesthetic qualities. Abstract art seeks to convey emotions, ideas, or concepts through non-representational or non-objective means. Abstract art is often seen as carrying a moral dimension, in that it can be seen to stand for virtues such as order, purity, simplicity and spirituality.

Since the early 1900s, abstract art has formed a central stream of modern art.

In abstract art, the artist moves away from depicting recognizable objects or figures and instead focuses on the underlying essence or abstract qualities of the subject matter. It often simplifies or distorts forms, removes details, and rearranges elements to create a more subjective and personal interpretation of reality. This departure from literal representation allows artists to explore and convey their own unique visions and perspectives.

The origins of abstract art can be traced back to the late 19th and early 20th centuries, when artists such as Wassily Kandinsky, Piet Mondrian, and Kazimir Malevich began to experiment with non-representational forms. These artists believed that art should move beyond mere imitation of the visible world and instead tap into deeper spiritual or emotional realms. Abstract expressionism, a movement that emerged in the mid-20th century, focused on the artist's subjective expression and often involved large, gestural brushstrokes and intense colors.

Abstract art can take various forms, including geometric abstraction, where artists use simple geometric shapes and lines; gestural abstraction, characterized by expressive brushwork and spontaneous marks; and color field painting, which focuses on large expanses of color to evoke emotional responses. Additionally, abstract art can be non-objective, devoid of any recognizable references, or semi-abstract, where elements of reality are still present but highly stylized or distorted.

One of the key aspects of abstract art is the freedom it offers both the artist and the viewer. Without the constraints of realistic representation, abstract art invites individual interpretation and subjective engagement. Each viewer can bring their own experiences, emotions, and associations to the artwork, forming a unique and personal connection.

Abstract art has continued to evolve and diversify over the years, with countless artists exploring new techniques, styles, and concepts. It has become a significant and influential movement within the broader realm of contemporary art, challenging traditional notions of representation and pushing the boundaries of artistic expression.

It is worth noting that abstract art can be found in various mediums, including painting, sculpture, drawing, printmaking, and even digital art, allowing artists to experiment with different forms and techniques to convey their artistic vision.